Bible Study: Ezekiel 10:1-22
Ezekiel Chapter 10
The Four Cherubims
This was the second time that Ezekiel saw the four cherubims. He first saw them at the river of Chebar, and here he saw them at the temple of Jerusalem. These cherubims seem directly connected to the glory of God; wherever God’s glory went, these four creatures went. They were present at the river of Chebar because God in all of His glory was going to call Ezekiel to be a prophet. They were present in the holy temple because God’s glory had been in the temple since Solomon dedicated it (I Ki. 8:10-13). God’s glory was there because the ark of the covenant was there. This is particularly noteworthy because statues of cherubims were placed on the covering of the ark. These cherubims are so vital in God’s ministry to humanity that God required Moses to have a physical representation of them accompany the ark.
In both the temple and at there river of Chebar, God’s glory was above the cherubims (Exo. 25:22). These creatures are therefore the covering, or guardian, of the divine glory. (A cherub was placed in charge of guarding the garden of Eden from Adam and Eve - Gen. 3:24.) As such, they have a peculiar ministry to God that no other spirit has, which is perhaps why they were allowed to retrieve a coal from God’s holy altar. Described as having four faces each and always being accompanied by wheels within wheels, these cherubims are unusual creatures; nonetheless, they have a very elevated role in the heavens and, as such, deserve our attention.
Verse by Verse Commentary
1 Ezekiel sees God’s throne. Compare with Ezekiel 1:26-28.
2-7 God commands one of the five spirits to go gather coals from the fire of the brazen altar. This is the same servant who went through Jerusalem to mark those who are faithful to God (Ezekiel 9:2-4).
References for Cherub/Cherubim
Song Of Solomon